Germany's Last Attempt at a Strategic Bomber
|Mistel - Ju88 & fighter.|
|A Mistel combination of a DO-217 and ME-328.|
The whole deal, fighter and bomber, is referred to as the Huckepack ("Pick-a-back" in British English, "piggyback" in American English). Other (informal) names were Beethoven-Gerät ("Beethoven Device," named for the attachment equipment between the two aircraft) and Vati und Sohn ("Daddy and Son").
|FW 190 / JU 88 'Mistel.'|
|Page scan of the Short-Mayo Combo from Modern Mechanix magazine, March 1938.|
|Fritz Stamer testing the Bf-109 E-4 and glider DFS 230 A-1.|
|Mistel combination with Me Bf 109 parent aircraft and explosives-laden Ju-88 conversion. Note the proboscis to trigger the explosives in the nose.|
The fighter-bomber conversion combo was first test-flown in July 1943. Flight testing was finished by October 1943, at which point the warhead was finalized. After further testing and crew training, in early 1944 a bomber unit was tasked with using this deadly combination - II/KG201.
|A member of the 439th Troop Carrier looks over a captured German Junkers Piggy Back Plane [Junkers Ju 88 And Focke-Wulf Fw 190] at an air base somewhere in France. 4 May 1945.|
|A Do-217E with a Me-328 mounted on it.|
Various plans were made to use jet bombers as the upper control craft as well, such as the Ar-234, He-162, Me-262, Ju-287, and other project jet fighter and bombers carrying a special flying bomb, but these were never realized. A Focke Wulf Ta 154 (the Focke-Wulf Ta 154 Moskito was a fast twin-engined German night fighter) paired with an Fw-190 was also used. A television guidance system was being developed when the war ended.
|Ju 88 and ME 109 combo.|
|Mistel consisting of a Ju 88 and an FW-190|
|Proposed Hs-293D glide bomb with a television guidance system.|
|German World War II television guidance system.|
Arado Ar E.377a Mistel (planned).|
|He 162/Ar E.377a Mistel.|
|Lt. Bernard H. Howes of Stoughton, Massachusetts, United States 8th Air Force fires on this Mistel 2 (Fw 190 A-8 on a Ju 88 G-1) in Belgium. He is flying a P-51 Mustang, 3 February 1945.|
|A German "Mistel" Ju-88 bomber & a Me-109 fighter (top).|
|Ju 88 and Fw 190 A "Mistel", Alt Lönnewitz (?), December 1944.|
|A captured fleet of Mistel bombers.|