Saturday, February 17, 2018

Color Photos of World War 2 Part 5

Roza Shanina color photos of World War II
Soviet sniper ace Roza Shanina gives some tips to her commander A. Balaev with her personal Mosin-Nagant. If you look very closely, you will see that the eyepiece is very well worn from a lot of use - Shanina had 59 confirmed kills. KIA 27 January 1945.

Here is another page of color photos of World War II. I'm not 100% sure of all the pictures on this page, but I believe they all date from World War II.

Luftwaffenhelferin color photos of World War II
A Luftwaffenhelferin (air force helper).

My theory is that colorized photos are perfectly acceptable to learn about World War II. You should assume that all of the photos on this page have colorized unless otherwise indicated (the Margaret Bourke-Wright studio portrait is the only one I am sure was taken in original Kodachrome).

Junkers K43 color photos of World War II
A Finnish Junkers K 43fa. February 1942. This was the military version of the Junkers W43. While the K43/W43 is not a very well known plane from the 1920s, the Luftwaffe used these throughout World War II as trainers and transports. The Finns only had five of these at the start of the Winter War and used them for reconnaissance flights. In the Continuation War they transported 1600 wounded (they acquired five more K 43s in 1944). The K43 could fly high (40,000 feet/12,700 m) and, as shown, worked well in snow with skis (though they could work on the camouflage on this one). Numerous foreign air forces bought the W43, too. One of the lessons of World War II is that the first thing you want from equipment is reliability and durability - high performance is a little further down on the list of requirements. Many older planes fit the bill.

I like to provide a variety of images on these pages. It is my opinion that you notice more in images if they are not repetitive. That is, if you see photo after photo of just fighter planes, your mind is prone to wander. However, if you don't know what type of photo is coming next, you notice more and appreciate the image more. So, while this page focuses primarily on Axis planes, it also provides regular breaks.

Margaret Bourke White color photos of World War II
Famed wartime photographer Margaret Bourke White, c. 1943. Unlike most of the other photos on this page, this is not colorized - it is original Kodachrome by John Cyril Alfred Redhead (National Media Museum Collection / SSPL).

When assembling collections of color photos of World War II, inevitably you lean toward the Axis side. This is because there is more interest in the lost Axis cause, and thus more photos of that side have been colorized.

A Bf 109 E7 Jagdgeschwader 27 (1) being used in support of the Afrika Korps. These used the Daimler Benz DB601A engine and were front-line fighters in 1940-41, the F version coming along in the spring of 1941.

The more you get into this, the more you realize that there simply is greater interest in some areas of the war than others, and there's no point to fighting it. People are interested in what they are interested in, and there's nothing wrong with that.

Captain Edwin Fisher of the 362nd FG atop his P-47D Thunderbolt 42-26919 “Shirley Jane III.”

You may find more color photos of World War II on page 1 and page 2 and page 3 and page 4 of this series.

Junkers Ju-87G color photos of World War II
A couple of rare pictures of a Junkers Ju-87G, the "tank buster" configuration. It has two two 37 mm (1.46 in) Bordkanone BK 3,7 cannons under the wings. Hans-Ulrich Rudel used the first of these on the first day of the Battle of Kursk. They were quite effective, but also quite easy to shoot down. This Stuka apparently was captured by US forces in Czechoslovakia after the pilot flew west to avoid the Russians.

Anyway, I hope you enjoy the page as much as I did putting it together!

Junkers Ju-87G color photos of World War II
Another picture of the Stuka with tank buster armament.

Afrika Korp Luftwaffe medical officer color photos of World War II
An unidentified Afrika Korp Luftwaffe medical officer (can you spot the medical symbol?) with the rank of Oberleutnant (1st Lieutenant) whiling away some time with cards. This was in "Balkenkreuz Über Wüstensand: Falbbirderwerk des Deutschen Afrikakorps" (The Balkan Cross over the Desert Sands: Color Photos from the Afrika Korps), a 1943 book by Gerhard Stalling. Note the Iron Cross Second Class ribbon - this guy has seen some action.

Fiat G.55 Centauro color photos of World War II
A  Fiat G.55 Centauro (Italian: "Centaur"). The Fiat G.55 was one of the great designs of World War II, part of the "third wave" of Italian warplanes during the conflict. The Luftwaffe, which was not especially complimentary of foreign  aircraft, tested the Fiat G.55 against  the Messerschmitt Bf 109G and the Focke-Wulf 190 and decided it was "the best Axis fighter." The 274 built during the war served with the Repubblica Sociale Italiana and performed well.

Luftwaffe Major Hans Philipp color photos of World War II
Luftwaffe Major Hans Philipp.  During this period he had more than 206 aerial victories and was recipient of Knight’s Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. He was the leading ace in the war in mid-1943. KIA 8 October 1943 when his parachute failed to open.

Rommel photograph color photos of World War II
This doesn't seem like  much of a photo - but it was taken by everyone's favorite Wehrmacht officer, General Erwin Rommel. The story goes that, when Hitler gave him the assignment to lead the Afrika Korps, Joseph Goebbels thrust a Leica camera in his hands and said, "You might see something interesting." Here we see two unidentified German Artillery Officers in North Africa, still wearing their Continental uniform. (US National Archives).

Hauptmann Franz Von Werra color photos of World War II
Hauptmann Franz Von Werra and his pet lion cub Simba. Von Werra was the only Axis POW to escape Canadian custody in 1940. He hopped a train and somehow got across the St. Lawrence Seaway in the middle of winter. Then, he hung around New York City openly before heading south and crossing over to Africa. Von Werra was portrayed in the film 'The One that Got Away' by Hardy Kruger.

Savoia Marchetti SM.79 Sparviero color photos of World War II
Italian Savoia Marchetti SM.79 Sparviero (Sparrowhawk) of the 253 Squadriglia. Nicknamed "il gobbo maledetto" ("damned hunchback"), the Sparrowhawk was built in large numbers (for Italy), and the 600 or so in operation at the beginning of the war (1300 total built for war use) served as transports, then later as torpedo bombers. Clever engineers even turned some into drones, though they did not see service as drones. One of World War II's underrated aircraft.

Erwin Rommel Stefan Fröhlich color photos of World War II
General Rommel consulting a map with his air support commander,  Generalmajor Stefan Fröhlich. Photo was first published in the 1943 book ""Balkenkreuz Über Wüstensand: Falbbirderwerk des Deutschen Afrikakorps" (The Balkan Cross over the Desert Sands: Color Photos from the Afrika Korps) by Gerhard Stalling.

Junkers Ju-87 Stukas color photos of World War II
Luftwaffe Junkers Ju-87 Stukas from the 7th squadron, 1st group during the early stage of Operation Barbarossa, summer 1941.

Battleship Bismarck color photos of World War II
Battleship Bismarck after the Battle of the Denmark Strait. She was flooded forward and is down at the head by about two meters. Still able to do 28 knots, though. Taken from the Prinz Eugen.

Erich "Bubi" Hartmann color photos of World War II
Erich "Bubi" Hartmann. The Soviets called him "The Black Devil." Quite simply, Hartmann is the best who ever was as far as fighter pilots go. He downed over 350 enemy aircraft. He passed away peacefully in 1993, unlike his hundreds of victims.

North Africa Rommel picture color photos of World War II
General Rommel snuck up on this poor guard in North Africa and took his picture. If the guy saw that, he probably would have freaked and figured he was headed for the brig for some reason .

Mitsubishi J2M Raiden color photos of World War II
Mitsubishi J2M Raiden ("Thunderbolt"). To the Allies, this was "Jack." This is another design by vaunted designed  Jiro Horikoshi, who was the subject of Hayao Miyazaki's controversial animated feature film "The Wind Rises" (2013). Engine problems and coming along too late in the conflict made it less successful than Horikoshi's more famous design - the A6M Zero.

Red Army Junior Sergeant Medical Service color photos of World War II
A Junior Sergeant Medical Service lady in the Red Army, Sofia, Bulgaria, March 1945. "Oh Doc, I hurt real bad, right here."

Mitsubishi A6M5 Zero color photos of World War II
A Mitsubishi A6M5 Zero, takes off from the aircraft carrier Junyo on June 19, 1944. That was the first day of the Battle of the Philippine Sea, and everyone is excited. While the battle did not go particularly well for the Japanese, at least the Junyo didn't sink during the battle like the Shōkaku and Taihō.  

Adolf Hitler color photos of World War II


Tuesday, February 13, 2018

Fascist Airplane Ads

Mercedes-Benz Fascist airplane ads

The romance of flight was strong in the 1930s and 1940s, and major manufacturers in all of the major powers used that in their advertising. While selling their products, they went to great lengths to make their ads pleasing to the eye. Fascist airplane ads were no exception.

Mercedes-Benz Fascist airplane ads

Many airplane manufacturers during World War II had their roots as car companies. Thus, many of the ads combine the romance of flight with stylized motor vehicles.

Mercedes-Benz Fascist airplane ads

The above Mercedes - Benz advertising/propaganda ad is from magazine "Böhmen und Mähren" in 1942.

Mercedes-Benz Fascist airplane ads

The above Third Reich Mercedes Benz propaganda poster  was in magazine "The Four Year Plan," 20 February 1940.

Mercedes-Benz Fascist airplane ads

Need an engine for your fighter? Mercedes-Benz can help you out.

Junkers Fascist airplane ads

A Junkers ad which is quite wordy for the genre.

Junkers Fascist airplane ads

Ju-87B Stuka with the Jumo 211 engine.

BMW Fascist airplane ads

Junkers Ju 87 Stuka Fascist airplane ads

Luftwaffe - Stukas greifen an! (Stukas are attacking!).

Lufthansa Fascist airplane ads

Summer flight plan for Deutsche Lufthansa. Im Flugzeug von Halle-Leipzig nach ... (In the airplane from Halle-Leipzig to ....).

Focke-Wulf Fascist airplane ads

The Focke-Wulf FW 190 was perhaps the Reich's best fighter overall of the war.

Mercedes-Benz Fascist airplane ads

Mercedes-Benz advertising poster for engines of the Luftwaffe's Messerschmidt planes before World War II.

Junkers Ju 87 Fascist airplane ads

An ad touting the Junkers Sturzkampfflugzeuge (Stuka) dive bomber.

Luft Hansa Fascist airplane ads

Ad for Deutsche Luft Hansa, the proper usage of the name before the war for Germany's civil airliner. One can easily see the fascist imagery in this one even though ostensibly it has nothing to do with war.

Junkers Ju 87 Fascist airplane ads

A poster promoting production of the Ju-87 "Stuka" (an abbreviation for Sturzkampfflugzeug, or "dive bomber") by Junkers Flugzeug und Motorenwerke A.G. in Dessau, Germany.

Daimler-Benz Fascist airplane ads

Junkers Ju 87 Fascist airplane ads

Junkers Flugzeug und Motorenwerke AG was a major German aircraft manufacturer. It produced planes in Dessau, Germany. It was founded in 1895 by Hugo Junkers, who happened to be a pacifist Socialist. Hermann Goering, who rumor had it had applied to be a test pilot with Junkers during the 1920s but been turned down, got even after Hitler seized power. Goering first demanded all of Junkers' patents for use by the state, then eventually had him arrested in 1934 (Hugo Junkers passed away in 1935). During World War II the company produced some of the most successful Luftwaffe planes and aircraft engines, including the Ju-87 “Stuka.” Junkers merged into Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm in 1967.

Junkers Fascist airplane ads

Focke-Wulf 190 Fascist airplane ads

Focke-wulf Fw 190 avec moteur a étoiles BMW 801 1943 (Focke-wulf Fw 190 with a star engine BMW 801). This ad is from 1943.

Junkers Fascist airplane ads

Junkers aircraft (Junkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke AG) ad, 1937. This shows the civil variant of the Junkers Ju 86, which became a little-used bomber.

Dornier Fascist airplane ads

Publicity for the Dornier Do-17, one of the Reich's most-used bombers which also saw service in a variety of other major powers (including the RAF).

Arado Fascist airplane ads

Arado made mostly trainers and seaplanes, but its Ar 234 was the first true jet-powered bomber.

Junkers Ju 87 Fascist airplane ads

Ju-87 B Stuka with the Jumo 211 engine.

Junkers Ju 87 Fascist airplane ads

Junkers Ju 87 Stuka ad.

Lufthansa Fascist airplane ads

An advertisement for Lufthansa and KLM Nederland in 1940.

BMW Fascist airplane ads

Italian Ads

Everyone knows all about the Luftwaffe, which had the flashy planes and all the sexy battles. The Regia Aeronautica, however, also had a large fleet of airplanes. Unfortunately for the Italians, though, they began the war with obsolete models, and by the time they came out with new designs, Italy was on the verge of switching sides.

Fiat Fascist airplane ads

Fiat Fascist airplane ads

Incisa Fascist airplane ads

Savoia Marchetti Fascist airplane ads

Savoia Marchetti SM.79 Sparviero ((Italian for sparrowhawk) ) was the workhorse of the Regia Aeronautica. The Savoia Marchetti SM.79 Sparviero was a beautiful and effective plane, particularly as a torpedo launcher. However, it was slow and had no effective means of defense, a deadly combination during wartime.

Breda Fascist airplane ads

The Breda Ba.88 Lince (Italian: Lynx) was a ground-attack aircraft used by the Italian Regia Aeronautica during World War II. It also was a spectacular failure, with flight instability that was never fixed. Mussolini kept the production lines going to keep people employed, but after a few initial attempts, Italian pilots refused to fly the Lynx. Many were placed on unusued runways to draw enemy bombs (often successfully), while many others were taken directly from the factory line to the scrap yard.

Zenith Fascist airplane ads

An ad for airplane carburetors.

Breda Fascist airplane ads

Italian WW2 "Breda, aircraft manufacturer."

Day of the Wing Fascist airplane ads

Il Giorno dell’Ala (The Day of the Wing), Esercitazioni dell’Armata del Cielo (Air Show), 1930.