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Friday, January 22, 2016

Dogs of World War II


Canines of Valor


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We have a page devoted to cats in World War II, so it only seemed appropriate to include one for dogs who participated in World War II as well. They weren't all just along for the ride - though, some of them were.

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Dogs served in numerous capacities in the war. The one above parachuted with his mates, the one below carried ammunition.

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In fact, some dogs received military decorations.

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More commonly, though, dogs assisted with mundane tasks such as beach patrol.

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And solitary sentry duty.



Dogs chowed down with the men in the field.

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Sometimes, the men wished they were treated as well as dogs.

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Some of the dogs were quite beautiful.

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Dogs were just as susceptible to danger as men were and had to be protected.

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But when they followed proper procedure, the dogs could survive just about anything.

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Dogs went where their master went. Sometimes, they handled the conditions much better than them.

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A dog sits in the snow watching a column of Axis Italian soldiers of the 8th Italian Army, part of the Italian Army in Russia (Italian: Armata Italiana in Russia, or ARMIR), retreating during the Battle of Stalingrad. Photo taken at Stalingrad (Volgograd), Volgograd Oblast, Russia, Soviet Union. December 1942.

During World War II, in Australia, "Gunner" (below) had such acute hearing that he would bark and warn his mates of incoming Japanese planes 20 minutes before they arrived. That is Gunner on the left, below (he's the one without the hat).

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There was a program called "Dogs for Defense" during World War II. Bet you didn't know that. Kids willingly donated their pets for use by the military. Don't know if they ever got them back.

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Dogs were often heroic and used to sweep for mines, as in the picture of Russians in Tilsit, below.

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Even fighter pilots need love. Below, Adolf Galland, replete in pressurized suit and flight coat, plays with his dog "Schweinebauch" ("Pork belly") at his posting at the Stab.1/JG.26 farm house headquarters in Audembert, Pas de Calais, France, 1940 (colorized).

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Dogs also were used to carry bombs and run under tanks. The Soviets came up with this idea. While only used for a short time, it led German tankers consistently to gun down any dogs they could see throughout the war, to the bewilderment of bystanders.

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A Soviet bomb-carrying dog on his last run.

The diagram below shows how it was done - the dog would run under the tank, and the protruding lever would depress, triggering the explosion. The dogs didn't always run under enemy tanks, though, so the program was quickly discontinued.

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Speaking of bombs, let's remember the famous dog immortalized in "The Dam Busters" (1955). Wing commander Guy Gibson (below with pipe, and hands on his personal pet) made him the 617 Squadron mascot. The beautiful black lab perished in action when hit by a car the night before the famous raid on Germany's Ruhr Dams, 16–17 May 1943. The lab's grave is at RAF Scampton, Lincolnshire, and there are reports that his ghost has been seen around RAF Scampton and the Dambusters Memorial at Woodhall Spa. He may be looking for the ghost of his commander, who also died not long afterward.

Guy Gibson and his mates with their black lab.

Dogs were used to carry supplies to soldiers fighting on the front lines.

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Dogs also were used to carry medical supplies. Man's best friend!

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Below, in a picture from a German magazine, a medic dog finds a wounded soldier.

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Of course, dogs were used for guard duty, too.

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The dogs looked fierce and had big bites. But they love their masters.

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To a dog, he's just out for a walk. Nice to get out of the kennel and stretch your legs on a long walk. He doesn't really care what his master has in mind. And his doggy friends are out with him, too!

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But even the fiercest German Shepherds could be friendly and gentle with children.

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Dogs can't pick their masters. The dog above was Hitler's pet German Shepherd, and the little girl is Helga Goebbels. Neither survived the war.

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Hitler's dog Blondi is well known: Her master tested his cyanide capsules out on Blondi right before he used one himself. Did you know, though, that Hitler actually had two dogs? The other was named Bella. Bella doesn't get a lot of press, and nobody seems to know what happened to her. Incidentally, they were both German Shepherds. What, you expected Mr. Master Race to own Irish Wolfhounds or Chihuahuas?

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The dog above did survive the war. Sadly, his master didn't. Fala became a celebrity and even has his own Wikipedia page and two statues.

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Do you recognize the little girl in the picture above? I thought you might. She didn't survive the war, either. I don't know about the dog.

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Dogs also had to survive rough environments along with everybody else.

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Lieutenant General Walter Hahm, Commander of the 260th Infantry Division at the Division Command post in Uspech, Russia in May 1943

They sometimes learned to look like their masters, not just obey them.


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Dogs came ashore with many Pacific invasions, sometimes with the first wave.

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Dogs also were helping the Japanese, too. Dogs don't pick sides.

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A dog attacking a victim of the Holocaust.

They also were trained to attack and hurt and kill. That is not the dogs' fault, it is their owners', where all blame resides.

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Even after their masters perished, as did the unfortunate French soldier above in June 1940, dogs remained loyal to them.

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Above are some highly decorated dogs.

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The Luftwaffe pilot above didn't take his dog on missions... most likely. It is Major Kurt Bühligen, Geschwaderkommodore of the Jagdgeschwader 2 'Richthofen.' But he could have; Bühligen was a Big Dog and could do what he liked on his missions.

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The dog above, though, did fly into combat. Antis was the mascot and Czech airman Robert Bozdech was his owner. Yes, a dog flew into combat on an RAF mission. Strictly against regulations, but where there's a bark, there's a way!

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To be fair about things, the above photo shows that P-51 pilots liked their dogs, too.

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Australian soldiers in particular liked their dogs.

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Many units had dogs as mascots who went everywhere the soldiers went.

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Dogs helped out the Military Police, too.

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Dogs actually parachuted into combat, and that involved a lot of preparation.

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But mostly, dogs were just there at the base for down-time relaxation.

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The two dogs above had just been promoted. Look how happy they are!

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The RAF pilot above loved his dog.

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The Russian soldiers above let their dog snuggle with them.

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Above is the most decorated dog of World War II.

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The dog above looks like just the right size to be carried around.

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Dogs would fall in line and come to attention just like their masters.

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Sometimes the dogs found cozy spots to rest in.


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Sailors always have loved dogs who inspired, well, dogged determination. How much you want to bet that the one above was named either "Winston" or "Churchill"?

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I don't know if this bulldog is the same as the previous one, but this one's name is Venus and he runs the the HMS Vansittart here in 1941.

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Smaller dogs were hand because they could fit into backpacks and such. You know you're treasured when your master adds you to his 20 kg pack.

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But larger dogs had their place, too (Nigulla, Federal Archive). Don't mess with the big dogs!

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Coast Guard dogs got dressed up just like their masters, as with "Salty" in 1943, above.

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Some dogs liked to imitate their masters. Or is it the other way around? Imitation is the highest form of flattery.

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Dogs sometimes died of one thing or another at a young age, causing their owners much pain. One fellow went all out and built a monument to his deceased friend.

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German dog grave in the USSR. The inscription states, "Our watchdog Greif ("Cross"), 11.09.38-16.04.42." Photo taken on the territory of the Soviet Union, spring 1942.

Not all dog owners made it home, either. They died wearing the uniform proudly. Below is a picture of one of their dogs, a few days after his master's passing.

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2016

5 comments:

  1. Dear Mr. Bjorkman, Lovely article about man's best friend in that epoch. Here is a nice color photograph of the Luftwaffe fighter ace Adolf Galland and his beautiful dog, Schweinebauch, from the memorable summer of 1940, during the Battle of Britain :-

    https://in.pinterest.com/pin/560487116097940183/

    Alas, dogs live only up to 15 years (as a maximum) so this lovable fellow would have passed on by the 1950s at the most optimistic reckoning. Adolf Galland passed away in 1996.

    Regards,
    Raja

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks, Raja, great photo, I included it, thanks!

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  2. Dear Mr. Bjorkman, The story of Fala, the Scottish Terrier, who was the beloved companion of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, is also heart warming :-

    http://fdr-fala.tumblr.com/page/2

    Fala was named after a notorious ancestor of FDR. Don't you think that Fala and Blondie, Hitler's German Shepherd, deserve to be known and remembered by a wider audience of history buffs.

    Regards,
    Raja

    ReplyDelete
  3. Dear Mr. Bjorkman, Since you are a film buff too, it would be a travesty if your article did not say a bit about Wing Commander Guy Gibson of 617 Squadron of the Royal Air Force (The Dam Busters unit) and his famous black Labrador retriever, Nigger. The use of the original name of the pet canine is deemed incorrect by today's standards of political correctness (hypocrisy under a cloak or a fig leaf of respectability). Please see the link below :-

    http://elinorflorence.com/blog/117781

    Incidentally, I am a native of India and if one reads about the history of the subcontinent at the turn of the 20th century, the British used to refer to the inhabitants of their Indian empire as wops, wogs, niggers (particularly in the slang lingo used by the other ranks in the British Army - the Tommy Atkins immortalized by Rudyard Kipling's poems and stories). Coming to me, I wouldn't mind Kipling or Churchill calling me a wop, a wog or a nigger (these are only appellations - welcome if used in affection or to be scorned if used in derision or contempt).

    Regards,
    Raja

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks for the suggestion, Raja. I included the pooch, who is a legend, but I think I will leave his name out. In the Dam Busters movie, for US release, they renamed him "Trigger." Some folks aren't going to understand that the real name had different associations in that different time and place, and no point in offending people unnecessarily. James

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